Presented by: Juan Aguirre Normal forces are a critical specification in the mating of high-performance interconnects. Normal forces minimize or eliminate oxide build-up, affect contact pin deflection, and determine surface contact area. Changes in normal forces can be observed in standard SI parameters including characteristic impedance, TDR ad RL. In this course, technical experts from Samtec will discuss measurement techniques for spotting normal force discontinuities. Mitigation solutions will also be presented.